Reducing Brazilian greenhouse gas emissions: scenario simulations of targets and policies
Souza, K. B., Ribeiro, L. C. S., Perobelli, F. S.

This paper aims to evaluate the economic impacts of greenhouse gas emission reduction on the Brazilian economy. To this end, we developed an integrated input–output linear programming model for 2009 using the Supply and Use Tables and emissions data of the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology and Innovation. We simulated emissions targets for various potential scenarios in which the adopted policy design took account of sectoral composition in terms of emissions and available production technology. The results were directly affected by the high level of livestock emissions, counterbalancing this sector's economic importance for Brazil. In the short term, sectoral emissions targets associated with taxation policy or emission permits could be developed in order to create private incentives to mitigate emissions. In this sense, the results also show that different sectoral targets may be able to balance environmental benefits with the possible economic losses incurred by such policies.

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Federação das Indústria do Estado de Sergipe – FIES

Observatório de Sergipe


University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Universidade de Oviedo
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