Demographic changes and its impacts on consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in Brazil: a computable general equilibrium model approach

Prof. Terciane Carvalho

09/05/2018 – Quarta-feira
18:00 às 19:00
Sala: Auditório do CCSA II


In recent years, the debate on issues related to demographic changes and their impacts on the economy has increased. However, demographic changes affect not only variables such as economic growth and the labor market, but also aggregate consumption, and especially the composition of this consumption. These changes in population composition may occur in the coming decades in many parts of the globe, and their effects on the composition of consumption, notably on energy demand and emissions are not yet known. In this context, this article aims to estimate the changes in the pattern of consumption in Brazil due to the changes projected in the age pyramid in 2050 and the consequences of these changes on CO2 emissions. For this, projections will be made using a recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium model (CGE) considering 65 sectors and 7 age groups for the Brazilian economy. The results suggest that the change in age structure seem to lead to an emissions less intensive consumption pattern, around 0.25% (accumulated deviation relative to baseline) in 2050.

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